10x10 with Oregon Health & Science University
Introduction to Biomedical and Health Informatics
The Department of Medical Informatics & Clinical Epidemiology (DMICE) at Oregon Health & Science University will be offering another Biomedical Informatics Distance Learning Course as part of the AMIA 10x10 Program.
10x10 with OHSU: Course Description
The OHSU offering of 10x10 was the original offering in the program and has had the largest enrollment. The 10x10 program gets its name from its original goal when launched in 2005 of educating 10,000 healthcare and related professionals in biomedical and health informatics by 2010. The goal of 10,000 individuals came from an assertion by former AMIA President Dr. Charles Safran that the US needed at least one physician and one nurse trained in medical informatics in each of the country's 6,000 hospitals.
The goal of 10x10 was operationalized by Dr. William Hersh of Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU). The goal of the AMIA 10x10 program has been further validated by Dr. David Blumenthal, the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, who has estimated a need for an additional 50,000 individuals trained to meet President Barack Obama's goal of all Americans having their medical records in electronic format by 2014. The needs are equally strong beyond the US in the rest of the world and for professionals beyond physicians and nurses. The success and continued interest in the course has led us to continue it beyond the original 2010 goal.
The 10x10 program aims to provide introductory training to build the workforce that will enable clinically motivated use of IT to improve the quality, safety, and cost-effectiveness of healthcare and public health. Since the program was launched in 2005, over 1,600 people, mostly from the US but also from a variety of international locations, have completed the course. About 25% of those graduating have gone on to advanced study in the field.
The goal of the AMIA-OHSU 10x10 course is to provide a detailed overview of biomedical and health informatics to those who will work at the interface of healthcare and information technology (IT). The course also aims to provide an entry point for those wishing further study (and/or career development) in the field. It provides a broad understanding of the field from the vantage point of those who implement, lead, and develop IT solutions for improving health, healthcare, public health, and biomedical research. It provides up-to-date details on current events in the field, including the "meaningful use" of electronic health records specified by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA, also known as the economic stimulus package) of 2009. Although the course has a clinical orientation, many non-clinicians working in health IT environments have found the course accessible and the knowledge gained invaluable to their professional development.
The target audience for this Internet enduring material activity is physicians and other healthcare professionals.
The course is offered in two parts:
1. A 10-unit Web-based component starting July 30, 2014. The Web-based portion is provided through readings, on-line lectures, interactive discussion, and self-assessment tests.
2. A one-day in-person session held in conjunction with the AMIA 2014 Annual Symposium in Washington, DC on November 16, 2014. (Full meeting is November 15-19, 2014) The in-person session will bring participants together to integrate the material, allow presentation of course projects, and meet the instructor as well as other students in person.
(NOTE: Participants wishing to take part in an in-person session at a different AMIA meeting are able to do so for up to one year after the end of the course. This includes the AMIA Annual Symposium 2015 in San Francisco, CA (November 14-18, 2015). Those unable to attend an in-person session for hardship reasons are also allowed to opt out of attendance. All work in the Web-based component must be completed, however, by November 16, 2014).
The registration deadline for the course is July 30, 2014. We will accept enrollees after that date on a space-available basis.
The course is an adaptation of the on-line Introduction to Biomedical and Health Informatics class currently taught in the OHSU biomedical and health informatics education program. This survey course provides a broad overview of the field, highlighting the key issues and challenges for the field. The course is taught in a completely asynchronous manner, i.e., there are no "scheduled" classes. However, students must keep up with the course materials so they can benefit from the interactive discussion with faculty and other students. The course uses the following teaching modalities:
- Voice-over-Powerpoint lectures - The key material is delivered using Flash, HTML 5, or a special iPad player. As such, the content is easily accessed by any type of connection to the Internet.
- Interactive threaded discussion - Students engage in discussion on important issues using the on-line threaded discussion forums. An on-line faculty moderator helps keep the discussion on track.
- Reading assignments - The course uses a variety of readings made available to students.
- Homework/quizzes - Each of the units is accompanied by a 10-question multiple-choice self-assessment that aims to have the student apply the knowledge from the unit.
The on-line part of the course is accessed via OHSU's Sakai learning management system (LMS). At the onset of the course, each student is provided a login and password by the OHSU distance learning staff, who also provide technical support for the course. The course has no required textbook; with all assigned readings either freely available on-line or provided by OHSU. Students are expected to keep up with the materials each week and participate in ongoing discussion. Students should anticipate spending 4-8 hours per unit on the course. All on-line activities are asynchronous, so there is no specified time that a student must be on-line.
Students must complete all homework/quizzes, the course project (see below), and participate in class discussions to receive the AMIA 10x10 Certificate of Completion. Physicians are eligible for up to 46.5 hours of AMA PRA Category I CME Credit(s).
When Problems Arise
It is critical to contact the appropriate person when problems arise:
- For basic Sakai problems (cannot log in, something not apparently working) and course issues (e.g., unit or discussion forum not posted when it should be), contact the Sakai Help Desk.
- For questions about course content (e.g., do not understand a topic or disagree with homework quiz answer), contact the Teaching Assistant (TA), who will be announced at the beginning of the course.
When appropriate, all issues will be elevated to Dr. Hersh. While Dr. Hersh does not maintain scheduled office hours, he is readily accessible via email and will respond within 24-48 hours. Appointments to discuss course matters by phone or in person can be arranged via email.
Policy for OHSU 10x10 In-Person Session
OHSU 10x10 participants have the option of attending the in-person session associated with any AMIA meeting within one year of their taking the class and not just the session that occurs at the end of the offering in which they are enrolled.
(We are also allowing participants to forego the in-person session if hardship or other reasons prevent them from attending an in-person session, although we strongly encourage attendance to complete their learning experience.)
In 2014, there will be 1 meeting where the in-person session will be held: AMIA Annual Symposium, Nov. 15-19, 2014 in Washington, DC.
Even though the 10x10 course is on-line, it provides a great deal of interaction among the faculty, teaching assistants, and students. A discussion forum is set up for each unit of the course, where students can pose questions, comments, and opinions related to the course materials. The instructor poses 1-2 questions to kick off the discussion but students are encouraged to post their own questions and engage in discussion with their classmates.
Students must complete a course project to obtain the AMIA 10x10 Certificate of Completion. The goal of the project is to identify an informatics problem in your local setting (e.g., where you practice or work, or otherwise have access) and propose a solution based on what is known from informatics research and best practice. The project write-up is due by November 16, 2014. (If you do not have access to a health care setting, you can do the project in another setting, such as a company or organization. The instructor can help if you have a challenge with this.) The problem and solution should be written into a succinct 2-3 page (please no longer!) document that should include references that justify the framing of the problem and the proposed solutions. This is submitted in a Word document uploaded to Sakai.
Students will present their project to their colleagues at the in-person session that they attend. The room at the in-person session has round tables, and students will break into small groups around the tables. Each group selects one individual to present an overview of the group's discussion. The remaining people in the group serve as discussants in a short (10-15 minute) panel presentation at the session.
Optional Final Exam
The 10x10 course has no final exam, and those who complete all of the online coursework will receive the AMIA 10x10 Certificate of Completion. At the end of the course, an optional final exam is given for those who are eligible and desire graduate-level academic credit for the course from OHSU. The exam is an open-book, take-home final exam that is completed over a one-week period. Credit is typically sought by those desiring further study in biomedical and health informatics or for those requiring an academic transcript for tuition reimbursement. More information about the final exam and how to enroll at OHSU to receive academic credit is provided once the course has started.
The course has no textbook. Students are provided assigned readings from 1-3 key articles or reports for each unit. Students are also provided comprehensive lists of references for topics covered in the lectures.
In addition, there are two optional textbooks that students may want to consider, for which a table below lists chapters appropriate for each unit in the course:
- Shortliffe, EH and Cimino, JJ, Eds. (2014). Biomedical Informatics: Computer Applications in Health Care and Biomedicine (Fourth Edition). New York, NY, Springer.
- Hoyt, RE, Yoshihashi, A, et al., Eds. (2014). Health Informatics: Practical Guide for Healthcare and Information Technology Professionals, Sixth Edition. Pensacola, FL, Lulu.com.
The reading assignments from these books are optional, and no material will appear on the homework quizzes or final exam that is not also covered in the class. But some students prefer to also read a textbook when learning. The appropriate chapter readings for each unit in the course are as follows:
|1||Overview of Field and Problems Motivating It||1||1|
|2||Biomedical Computing||5, 6||7, 11|
|3||Electronic and Personal Health Records (EHR, PHR)||2, 12, 17||2, 4|
|4||Standards and Interoperability||7, 8||6|
|5||Meaningful Use of the EHR||13, 22||5, 15, 16, 17|
|6||EHR Implementation and Evaluation||11, 15, 16||10, 21|
|7||Protection and Analytical Use of Data||3, 10||3, 8, 14|
|8||Information Retrieval and Digital Libraries||21||12, 13|
|9||Imaging Informatics and Telemedicine||9, 18, 20||18, 19|
|10||Research Informatics||24, 25, 26||20, 22|
Curriculum and Dates
The following table outlines the curriculum with unit number, topic, date posted, and date due. The course in general runs with two weeks in a row of posted materials and then a third week to finish the work. The due date for each unit is when the next cycle of material is posted. We are lenient about giving extensions but participants are strongly encouraged not to fall behind, since it is difficult to catch up once one is too far behind.
|Unit||Topic||Date Posted||Date Due|
|1||Overview of Field and Problems Motivating It||7/30/14||8/20/14|
|3||Electronic and Personal Health Records (EHR, PHR)||8/20/14||9/10/14|
|4||Standards and Interoperability||8/27/14||9/10/14|
|5||Meaningful Use of the EHR||9/10/14||10/1/14|
EHR Implementation and Evaluation
|7||Protection and Analytical Use of Data||10/1/14||10/22/14|
|8||Information Retrieval and Digital Libraries||10/8/14||10/22/14|
|9||Imaging Informatics and Telemedicine||10/22/14||11/12/14|
Detailed Course Outline
1.0 Overview of Field and Problems Motivating It
1.1 What is Biomedical and Health Informatics?
1.2 A Discipline Whose Time has Come
1.3 Problems in Healthcare Motivating Biomedical and Health Informatics
1.4 Who Does Biomedical and Health Informatics?
1.5 Seminal Documents and Reports
1.6 Resources for Field - Organizations, Information, Education
2.0 Biomedical Computing
2.1 Types of Computers
2.2 Data Storage in Computers
2.3 Computer Hardware and Software
2.4 Computer Networks
2.5 Software Engineering
3.0 Electronic and Personal Health Records (EHR, PHR)
3.1 Clinical Data
3.2 History and Perspective of the Health (Medical) Record
3.3 Definitions and Key Attributes of the EHR
3.4 Benefits and Challenges of the EHR
3.5 EHR Examples
3.6 Personal Health Records
4.0 Standards and Interoperability
4.1 Standards and Interoperability: Basic Concepts
4.2 Identifier and Transaction Standards
4.3 Message Exchange Standards
4.4 Terminology Standards
4.5 Natural Language Processing of Clinical Text
5.0 Meaningful Use of the EHR
5.1 Patient Safety and Medical Errors
5.2 Healthcare Quality
5.3 Clinical Decision Support (CDS)
5.4 Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE)
5.5 Health Information Exchange (HIE)
5.6 HITECH, ARRA, and Achieving Meaningful Use
6.0 EHR Implementation and Evaluation
6.1 Clinical Workflow Analysis and Redesign
6.2 System Selection and Implementation
6.3 Evaluation of Usage, Outcomes and Cost
6.4 Nursing Informatics
6.5 Public Health Informatics
6.6 Patient Engagement
7.0 Protection and Analytical Use of Data
7.1 Privacy, Confidentiality, and Security
7.2 HIPAA Privacy and Security Regulations
7.3 Evidence-based Medicine
7.4 Clinical Practice Guidelines
7.5 Healthcare Data Analytics
8.0 Information Retrieval and Digital Libraries
8.1 Information Retrieval
8.2 Knowledge-based Information
8.6 Research: Evaluation and Future Directions
8.7 Digital Libraries
9.0 Imaging Informatics and Telemedicine
9.1 Imaging in Health Care
9.2 Modalities of Imaging
9.3 Digital Imaging
9.4 Telemedicine: Definitions, Uses, and Barriers
9.5 Efficacy of Telemedicine
10.0 Research Informatics
10.1 Clinical Research Informatics
10.2 Translational Bioinformatics
10.3 Overview of Basic Molecular Biology
10.4 Personalized/Precision Medicine
Course participants are expected to maintain academic honesty in their course work. Participants should refrain from seeking past published solutions to any assignments. Literature and resources (including internet resources) employed in fulfilling assignments must be cited. See
http://www.ohsu.edu/xd/education/library/research-assistance/plagiarism.cfm?WT_rank=1# for information on code of conduct for OHSU and http://www.ohsu.edu/xd/education/teaching-and-learning-center/for-students/index.cfm for more information on citing sources and recognizing plagiarism.
In an effort to uphold the principles and practice of academic honesty, faculty members at OHSU may use originality checking systems such as Turnitin to compare a student's submitted work against multiple sources. To protect student privacy in this process, it will be necessary for students to remove all personal information, i.e. student name, email address, student u-number, or any other personal information, from their documents BEFORE submission.
The goal of the AMIA 10x10 program is to train clinicians and others in informatics so they can be knowledgeable participants in IT implementations in their local settings. The 10x10 program alone will not make one a full-time professional in informatics (any more than a semester of medicine or nursing will make one a doctor or nurse!). The program is being structured, however, to allow those who complete the course to carry the credits forward into other graduate programs in informatics. The details need to be arranged with each individual program.
Since the course is an adaptation of the introductory course in the OHSU biomedical and health informatics educational program, those who complete the 10x10 course will be able to obtain credit for the course in the OHSU program. This credit is taken by passing the optional final examination at the end of the 10x10 course. Upon enrolling in the OHSU Graduate Certificate or Master's Degree program, students passing the final examination will be awarded three credits in the OHSU graduate program. (OHSU is on an academic quarter system, with each quarter consisting of 11 weeks of instruction. A three-credit course is comparable to a course with three contact hours per week plus additional work for reading assignments, homework, and projects.) Most of OHSU's informatics courses are taught on-campus and on-line, and each course is considered equivalent whether it is taught live or via distance.
More details about the individual degree programs are available on the OHSU informatics education Web site, but the following table provides an overview of the programs.
|Program Name||Description||Admission Requirements||Graduation Requirements|
|Graduate Certificate in Biomedical Informatics||Core courses in informatics||Bachelor's degree in any field||24 credits (generally 8 3-credit courses)|
|Master of Biomedical Informatics||"Professional" master's degree with capstone project||Bachelor's degree in any field plus introductory courses in Computer Science and Anatomy & Physiology||52 credits (46 hours of instruction plus 6 hours of capstone project)|
|Master of Science in Biomedical Informatics||"Research" master's degree with master's thesis||Bachelor's degree in any field plus introductory courses in Computer Science and Anatomy & Physiology||60 credits (48 hours of instruction plus 12 hours of master's thesis)|
|Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Biomedical Informatics||PhD program for advanced leaders and research in the field||Bachelor's degree in any field plus introductory courses in Computer Science and Anatomy & Physiology||135 credits, including dissertation|
The Web site also has information about OHSU's National Library of Medicine-funded fellowship program, and Graduate Certificate Track in Health Information Management (HIM).
After participating in this activity the learner should be better able to:
- Explain biomedical informatics and its role in health, health care, public health, and biomedical research.
- Compare and contrast the roles of various individuals in the health information technology workforce.
- Identify the basic tenets of biomedical computing to enable optimal selection of hardware, software, and network connections for a given setting.
- Identity the essential functions of the electronic health record (EHR) and the barriers to its use.
- Distinguish the different types of clinical decision support and their limitations in clinical practice.
- Explain the process of computerized provider order entry and challenges to its use.
- Differentiate the difference among privacy, confidentiality, and security and their role in the HIPAA regulations.
- The role of health information exchange and Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs).
- The personal health record (PHR), its interface with the EHR, and its value in promoting personal health.
- Explain the importance of standards and interoperability of clinical data and the major initiatives underway to enable them.
- Explain the basic principles of health care quality assessment, including pay for performance programs, and how the EHR enables them.
- Identify components of health information exchange and its implementation via Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs).
- Identify the components of the personal health record (PHR) and describe its value.
- Demonstrate the ability to apply evidence-based medicine and critical appraisal to clinical questions.
- Understand the basic medical knowledge resources and be able to perform searching of them.
- Describe the management of images in clinical settings, including the use of PACS systems.
- Classify the different types of telemedicine and their efficacy as shown in clinical studies.
- Explain how people and organizational issues impact the use of health information technology.
The American Medical Informatics Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
Credit Designation Statement
The American Medical Informatics Association designates this enduring material for a maximum of 46.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Estimated Time Expected to Complete Activity
Estimated time to complete this activity: 46.5 hours
Criteria for Successful Completion
Completion of this enduring material is demonstrated by participation in all online sessions, completion of a Capstone project, completion of participant survey, attendance at an in-person session for class participants with the faculty is optional.
No commercial support was received for this activity.
As a provider accredited by the ACCME, AMIA requires that everyone who is in a position to control the content of an educational activity disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest for 12 months prior to the educational activity.
The ACCME considers relationships of the person involved in the CME activity to include financial relationships of a spouse or partner.
Faculty and planners who refuse to disclose relevant financial relationships will be disqualified from participating in the CME activity. For an individual with no relevant financial relationship(s), the participants must be informed that no conflicts of interest or financial relationship(s) exist.
AMIA uses a number of methods to resolve potential conflicts of interest, including: limiting content of the presentation to that which has been reviewed by one or more peer reviewers; ensuring that all scientific research referred to conforms to generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis; undertaking review of the educational activity by a content reviewer to evaluate for potential bias, balance in presentation, evidence-based content or other indicators of integrity, and absence of bias; monitoring the educational activity to evaluate for commercial bias in the presentation; and/or reviewing participant feedback to evaluate for commercial bias in the activity .
Disclosures for this Activity
William Hersh, MD, FACMI, FACP, discloses that neither he nor his spouse have relevant financial relationships with commercial interests.
Instructions for Claiming CME Credit
The instructor will send a list of all participants who satisfied course requirements to AMIA. Participant will communicate with Susanne Vellucci, Education Program Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org, about completing the evaluation and receiving the CME certificate.
• A computer with an Internet connection.
• Internet Explorer 8 or higher, Firefox 4.x or higher, Safari 2.x or higher, or any other W3C standards compliant browser
• HTML5-capable browser for video or audio play or download
• Additional software such as PowerPoint® or Adobe Acrobat Reader software
For questions about the 10x10 course please contact Susanne Vellucci, Education Program Manager at email@example.com or (301) 657-1291.